The Bougainville Campaign, lasted from the last part of 1943, through August of 1945. The Japanese were operating Naval bases, and air strips on Bougainville, in 1942. It became an important focus of the Allies, as part of the overall plan to win the Pacific, and the War. It was also very important to the Japanese, to not lose control of the Island.
The strategic importance of the Island to both sides, led to a long and very bloody struggle. The Allies prevailed on August 21, 1945.
A group of United States Marine Raiders pose for photo in front of a Japanese dugout, on Bougainville, January, 1944.
Photo: National Archives from record group 80. ARC Identifier 520643 / Local Identifier 80-G-205686
Troops from the U.S. climb from a combat transport to landing craft at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, November 1943.
Photo: National Archives from record group 26. ARC Identifier 513194 / Local Identifier 26-G-3183
A group of "Negro" troops of the 24the Infantry prepare to advance behind a tank, at Bougainville, 1944
Photo: National Archives from record group 111. ARC Identifier 531254 / Local Identifier 111-SC-202491
These wounded Americans are being transported to an awaiting ship, Bougainville, 1943.
Photo: National Archives from record group 26. ARC Identifier 513189 / Local Identifier 26-G-3122
Americans advance behind a tank nicknamed Lucky Legs II, on Bougainville, March 1944.
Photo: National Archives from record group 111. ARC Identifier 531183 / Local Identifier 111-SC-189099
Two soldiers take time to clean their rifles, on Bougainville, April, 1944. They are with Company E, of the 25th Combat Team, 93rd Division.
Photo: National Archives from record group 111. ARC Identifier 531404 / Local Identifier 111-SC-364565
A group of American Indian Marines on Bougainville, December 1943.
Photo: National Archives from record group 127. ARC Identifier 593373 / Local Identifier 127-GR-137-69896
An American cemetery on Bougainville, February, 1944. The grave in the foreground, was decorated with loaded ammunition belts, the only thing his friends had on hand.
Photo: National Archives from record group 80. ARC Identifier 520985 / Local Identifier 80-G-476284