Born: 16/03/1911, Günzburg, Germany
Membership: Karl and Walburga Mengele Mengele
Marriage: Irene Schoenbein (07/1939); son, Rolf (3/11/1944), divorce (1954)
Died: 07/02/1979, beach Bertioga, Embu, São Paulo, Brazil (supposedly)
Doctor known as "Angel of Death" at Auschwitz concentration camp (where he gets to 30/05/1943), by their experiences; captured (1945), escapes to Argentina (1949).
Josef Mengele was a German physician who also served during the Nazi regime. Mengele's nickname was Beppo, but he was known as Todesengel, "The Angel of Death", in a concentration camp.
Mengele was the chief medical officer of the main infirmary camp at Birkenau, which was part of the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex. However, there was the chief medical officer at Auschwitz, was higher in the hierarchy doctors and Hilario Hubrichzeinen Eduard Wirths. At the end of World War II Josef Mengele fled Germany through some countries, to find acceptance in Argentina, where he remained some time.
The atrocities of Mengele
In their experiments at Auschwitz, he injected blue dye into the eyes of children, joined the veins of twins, let people in tanks of ice water to test their resistance, amputated limbs of prisoners and collected thousands of bodies in his laboratory.
From 1943, the twins were selected and placed in special barracks. When the selection ramp located twins, the brothers were placed in a special room and were treated better than other inmates. Almost all of Mengele's experiments lacked scientific value, but were supported by the Nazi government. There was, for example, attempts to change eye color by injections of chemicals into the eyes of children, various amputations and other brutal surgeries, and at least one occasion, an attempt to create artificially conjoined by the union of veins of twin brothers ( the operation was a failure and the only result was that the hands of severely infected patients). People object Mengele's experiments, if they survived, were often killed for dissection later.
Block 10 in Auschwitz where Mengele performed their experiences.
In cooperation with other doctors, Mengele also tried to find a method of mass sterilization, many of the victims were women who injected various substances, many of them collapsing or becoming sterile in other cases.
Mengele experimented with gypsies and Jews who had hereditary diseases such as dwarfism, Down syndrome, Siamese twins and other diseases and dissected alive some people of mixed race, then submerging their bodies in a tub of liquid consumed the meat, leaving free the bones. The skeletons were sent to Berlin as a showcase for grisly physical degeneration of the Jews or others.
Sometimes the torture sessions performed by submerging prisoners in water ice strong enough to observe their reactions against hypothermia. It also cooperated with the equivalent of the Air Force, the doctor Sigmund Rascher's Luftwaffe, in some experiments in which persons subjected to extreme pressure changes, and individuals died with horrible convulsions from excessive pressure. Rascher was the equivalent of Mengele's experimentation on humans, but for military purposes. His wickedness was consistent with that of Mengele, but its history and final were very different.
Because of the atrocities committed by him during the war, his doctoral degree has been revoked by the Universities of Frankfurt and Munich.
Mengele did at one time a railroad car carrying coffins with the prisoners noticed "too heavy for its size." The coffins were bound for Günzburg and some prisoners correctly deduced that contained gold ingots, dental extractions from the victims of the field. This was one of the first evidence that Mengele had envisioned the end of Nazi Germany.
Request for examination: only documentary evidence against Dr. Mengele
On November 26, 1944, Richard Baer, commandant of Auschwitz, received a strange order to dismantle the plant, decreasing the rate of extermination of the field. The order came directly from Adolf Hitler (who later committed suicide), and many a surprise situation.
Only 23 days before Mengele had been in the selection of prisoners to send to the gas chambers. For him the order is not unexpected, for he was convinced that Nazi Germany would lose the war.
Mengele covertly left the field on January 17, 1945, and 10 days after the Red Army arrived in the camp and freed the few survivors.
Josef Mengele left Auschwitz and went to the former concentration camp of Gross-Rosen. In August 1944 this field was closed. In April 1945 he fled westward disguised as a member of the German regular infantry, under a false identity, but was captured.
As a prisoner of war, served time in prison near Nuremberg. He was released later, when his identity was unknown. During the Nuremberg trials did not mention Josef Mengele as genocide.
It is known that fled to Argentina, probably still in the 1940s.
The house we occupied in Hohenhau Mengele in Paraguay.
However, with the capture of Adolf Eichmann by Mossad agents in Buenos Aires, Argentina Mengele decided to flee and hid in Paraguay before moving to Brazil, where he lived in Black Mountain, Assisi, New Europe, and Mogi das Cruzes Bertioga in the state of Sao Paulo, until his death.
Incredibly, neither the Mossad nor the Simon Wiesenthal Center were able to locate him despite his son Rolf having visited twice and to correspond with him.
It is now known that in Brazil lived modestly in a slum under the assumed name of Peter Gerhard. When asked the past, said that as German officer was limited to selecting people able to work and never killed anyone.
In 1979, his health was deteriorating and frank German family who watched invited him to freshen up on a beach drop too soft, Bertioga, the São Paulo coast, Mengele accepted. While some members were introduced into the water, Mengele followed them to reach a distance of 100 m, but the sparse depth. Then, for reasons never clarified and confused, drowned, although one of the friends who accompanied him immediately have given aid (it was supposed to cramps, heart attack, etc.., Or even suicide).
The official version is that it hurt, perhaps accidentally, with a piece of wood while swimming at Bertioga, and this caused his death by drowning. It is strange the fact that Mengele could not swim. His bones were exhumed in 1985 in Rosario cemetery in the town of Embu das Artes, in São Paulo. The expertise, conducted by experts from the IML and UNICAMP, the skeleton was determined that the Nazi doctor, who had a dental defect in the upper front teeth has been proven, and match in age and stature. In 1992, a DNA analysis finally confirmed his identity.
Josef Mengele was a Nazi scientist involved in a genetic program that had the task of creating a master race of Aryan peoples. Mengele's work, or the "Angel of Death" as it was called, was to find ways to increase the chances of a mother giving birth to twins. While working at the concentration camp at Auschwitz, Mengele did a series of brutal experiments on twins, most of them died with the results of surgery or infected wounds later.
One night, the angel of death put 14 pairs of twins to sleep in her room operations. He then injected chloroform directly into their hearts, killing them instantly and began to dissect them, taking notes on every piece of their bodies. Autopsies were an important part of Mengele's experiments.
In another bizarre experiment, he took a pair of twins Gypsies and sewed them together, the surgical removal of veins left them with gangrene. A twin who survived and was under the care of the doctor recalled that his brother came to lose his life;
"Dr. Mengele was always more interested in Tibi. Not sure why, perhaps because he was the older twin. Mengele did a number of operations in Tibi. One surgery on his spine left my brother paralyzed. He could not walk anymore. Then they took their sexual organs. After the fourth operation, I did not see the Tibi. I can not tell you how I felt. It is impossible to put into words what I felt. They had taken my father, my mother, my two older brothers and now, my twin brother. "
Twins of Auschwitz were housed in rooms more comfortable than the other prisoners were better fed and were saved from the gas chambers. Mengele was presented to the twins as "Uncle Mengele" and gave them candy. Most records maintained by Mengele were lost or destroyed after the war, so that the extent of their atrocities will never be known. It is known however that during World War II, nearly 3,000 twins went to Auschwitz, but only about 52 of them would get out of there alive.
After the war, Mengele escaped from Germany after receiving a false identity of innocent Red Cross workers who supplied documents for thousands of refugees. He first fled to Argentina and then ran through South America in an attempt to avoid capture and trial of war crimes. It is believed he may have continued his genetic experiments in Brazil in the 1960s. That's because the city of Rio Grande do Sul Candido Godoy, one in five pregnancies result in twins, most of them blond and blue eyes.
Annual gathering of twins in Godoi (RS) / Brazil
Residents claim that Mengele visited the town on several occasions and offered medical treatment for women. Usually, twins are born every eighty pregnancies, it seems that in Candido Godoy, Josef Mengele was able to achieve her dream of creating what he believed to be a superior race.
Below a piece of matter in the Telegraph :
"Camarasa talked to the people of Candido Godoy, the majority of German descent, and many reported that an educated German who presented himself as Rudolf Weiss, and was a specialist in reproduction, passed by the city in the 1960s, shortly before the appearance of twins in series. This man, in the city that many believe was Mengele, attended women, followed pregnancies and prescribed medication. There is an occurrence of twin births in the five Candido Godoy, well above the average of a birth of twins every 80 deliveries. "