[ In 1947, Beaumont was private secretary to the senior British judge, Sir Cyril Radcliffe, who was chairman of the Indo-Pakistan Boundary Commission]
But Beaumont - who later in life was a circuit judge in the U.K. - is most scathing about how partition affected the Punjab, which was split between India and Pakistan.
"The British government and Mountbatten must bear a large part of the blame for this tragedy." "The Punjab partition was a disaster," he writes. "Geography, canals, railways and roads all argued against dismemberment. The trouble was that Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs were an integrated population so that it was impossible to make a frontier without widespread dislocation. Thousands of people died or were uprooted from their homes in what was in effect a civil war. By the end of 1947 there were virtually no Hindus or Sikhs living in west Punjab - now part of Pakistan - and no Muslims in the Indian east
MOUNTBATTEN WITH NEHRU (ON HIS RIGHT) AND JINNAH(ON HIS LEFT)
abandoned Muslim couple and their grand children sitting by the the roadside on this arduous journey. "The old man is dying of exhaustion. The caravan has gone on," wrote Bourke-White.
Two Muslim men (in a rural refugee train headed towards Pakistan) carrying an old woman in a makeshift Doli or palanquin. 1947. Margaret Bourke-White
young refugee Delhi 1947
TRAIN TO PAKISTAN 1947
MORE THAN A MILLION HINDUS AND MUSLIMS WERE MASSACRED IN THE PROCESS
WAS THE MASSACRE WAS ALSO PART OF THE SECRET DEAL BETWEEN THE BRITISH AND THEIR AGENT, MR JINNAH?